Philosophers and scholars have been striving to build peace in the world. For example, Prem Rawat, who is an ambassador of peace, advocates peace by teaching people how to discover their inner strength through their inner peace. For him, it is essential to use Knowledge to enhance mindfulness, which is a vital step to global peace.
In fact, Prem Rawat said, "Through technology, we want to improve our lives. (However,) the real improvement begins with you..., find peace, find joy in your life."
Thomas Hobbes is an English scientist and historian, who is renowned for his political philosophy. He published "Leviathan", which is his masterpiece, in 1651, which embodies his idea of peace. Read the following article and discover Hobbes's philosophy of peace.
Hobbes: what is his philosophy of peace?
Fundamental unit of a peaceful nation
For Hobbes, a peaceful government is based on a total monarchy. This implies it is essential that absolute rule be implemented to ensure civil obedience. His masterpiece, which is entitled "Leviathan", was published during the English Civil War (1642 - 1651).
A leviathan is a sea monster, which is used to symbolize the government's absolute monarchial power to rule over the self-seeking people and ensure civil obedience. In other words, according to Hobbes, it is fundamental that the government impose its order and power to tame unlawful people and promote peace.
Hobbes' view of the law of nature
Hobbes believed that it is natural for people to yearn for more power to improve their standards of living. However, people are so self-interested, self-centered that can never be contented with their state of being and crave for more power to have control over the others. Such craving for power and glory is enhanced by the desire to be more famous than the others and by the pleasure in being admired by the others.
Hobbes considered the law of nature as a general rule, which can forbid people to do anything which will eventually lead to the destruction of their life. The objective of the law of nature is to preserve the life of people. However, he believes that such a law is only possible under the ruling of an absolute monarchy of undivided government.
Hobbes' peacekeeping strategy
Hobbes is a proponent of the necessity for a social contract and rule under an absolute sovereign government, which is labeled "Leviathan". Only such authority will be able to control over the disastrous consequences of the state of nature on selfish people. Unless a strong government system is implemented, it is uncertain that global peace be established, according to Hobbes' viewpoint.
In brief, Hobbes's idea of the important role of the government to have full control over people has such a great influence that it has not left political thought unbiased. The government's absolute authority is crucial to take control over the selfish, brutal public mind. And after the Revolution, his idea has also greatly affected federalists and inclined them to adopt the idea of the Constitution.