Nowadays, peacekeeping has become a big issue in many parts of the world. It is not surprising anymore that we can hear many cases of violence and conflicts in some countries in the world every day. For that reason, peace organizations, religions, researchers and philosophers are looking for ways to prevent breaches of peace and resolve conflicts.
Basically, peace is defined as lack of hostility and trouble in life. On the other hand, philosophy refers to the explanation of everything scientifically and rationally.
The ambassador of peace, Prem Rawat, teaches that peace is within each individual. You can have more information about him on https://www.wopg.org/prem-rawat/. He is the founder of the TPRF Foundation, which has taken several peacekeeping initiatives for global harmony. How does philosophy explain peace? Read more and understand how serenity is considered by philosophers.
What is the vision of peace in philosophy?
Peace is from philosopher kings
Plato believes that to be at peace, it is essential that philosopher kings rule the government in a Republic. This government is based on justice, knowledge, courage and temperance. Without moderation and justice in each individual and in the society, the government will live in poverty.
Moreover, ignorance and cowardice prevent the socio-economic development of the government. Thus, the ruling of philosopher leaders in a government will ensure peace.
Peace means living the unseen
The French philosopher René Descartes views peace as something which is unattainable in the visible world. His motto is based on the need to live unseen in order to live well. Peace allows an individual to live well, which implies that in the current living conditions, conflicts and problems abound. However, such a peaceful world is invisible for him, and therefore, it is difficult to attain.
Peace is tranquility
Socrates viewed peace as the ability to speak less because he said that we have one tongue but two ears and two eyes. To maintain peace, he advises to observe more, think more, and speak less. And this point of view can be applied for each individual in the world. To promote a harmonious society, it is crucial that people respect each other, pay attention to those who is talking and avoid criticizing or making unnecessary comments.
Peace is stillness and meekness
For William Shakespeare, an individual is at peace when they are tranquil and humble. Peace is the ability to hold one's silence and stay meek despite any threats of violence or war. In other words, it is the ability to control one's emotions regardless of any arising conflicts or wars. It is important to remain calm and avoid strife.
Peace is a government policy
For Kant, the government is in charge of ensuring peace in the nation. He affirms that perpetual peace can be achieved through a Republican constitution. Attaining sustainable peace is the most important goal of a government. At the international level, durable peace can be guaranteed by the implementation of a set of laws which controls the relation among nations.
Peace is within
For Prem Rawat, peace is only possible if each individual is at peace with themselves. Inner peace is attained through "Knowledge", which is a meditation method to enable individuals to discover their inner potentials such as mindfulness, hope, bliss and calmness. He shares messages of peace and empowers deprived people and inmates with Peace Education.