Philosophers have different points of view about peace. Some of them believe that peace is utopia; others hope to find peace in the invisible world. The ambassador of peace, Prem Rawat, who shares messages of peace to the world, advocates that global harmony starts from inner peace. The Prem Rawat Foundation (TPRF) was created by the peace moderator to advocate global peace through humanitarian acts.
On the other hand, Kant supports the idea of perpetual peace. What is perpetual peace? Read and discover Kant's philosophy about peace.
Kant and perpetual peace: definition
The German philosopher Immanuel Kant defines perpetual peace refers to the establishment of persistent peace over a certain area.
Origin of the perpetual peace
When Charles Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre served as the negotiator for the Treaty of Utrecht in the 18th century, he suggested the idea of sustainable peace anonymously in his essay entitled "Project for Perpetual Peace".
The idea came into the surface in the late 18th century; and the German philosopher Immanuel Kant adopted the term perpetual peace in his essay in the late 18th century. His essay was entitled "Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch".
Foundation of the perpetual peace
To build peace, it is fundamental that the following principles be adopted. First, it is crucial that each state bases their constitution on the republican model. In addition, the core of the laws of each nation should focus on a federation of free states. Third, the law of world citizenship should be restricted to universal hospitality.
Structure of the perpetual peace
To achieve long-lasting peace, Kant suggested an immediate implementation of the following measures:
- Secret peace treaty is invalid to prevent any possibility of wars in the future
- No state should be subjected to the dominion of another state for any reason including inheritance, exchange, or because of purchase or donation
- Armed forces should be completely eliminated in due time
- National debts should not end up in conflicts among the states
- Each state should be free to design and develop their own constitution without the interference of another state
- No state should hire criminals to incite wars against another state because that will make future peace treaty impossible for fear of a breach of confidence.
Structure of the government under perpetual peace
For Kant, it is crucial that the government be responsible for stimulating sustainable peace, which implies the necessity of having peace advocates as leaders.
Moreover, it is important that the government be republican in order to ensure perpetual peace.Despite its similarity to the modern democratic peace theory, Kant's idea of perpetual peace in republican states promotes the separation of the legislature from the executive.
On the other hand, despite its importance in modern democracy, the idea of universal suffrage is not clearly stated in Kant's idea.
To consciously implement this program, it is vital that a league of nations be established in the federation of free states. Among the components of the six-point program, freedom of travel should become a priority.
However, it should not necessarily bring about immigration from a state into another. Another important component of the program is universal hospitality, which would give world citizens the right to freely travel and stay in a foreign state for some period of time. Travel regulations should be based on the law of universal citizens to ensure perpetual peace.
In brief, Kant's idea of perpetual peace is founded on three main foundations, which are disarmament, capitalism, and confederation of free states led by peaceable princes.